Romania

Turnover threshold

118,000 RON

Standard VAT rate

19%

Measurement period

rolling 12 month period

Romanian VAT for digital service providers

In case of digital services, telecom services or broadcasting services supplied in a B2B context, the place of supply is the place where the recipient is established. No Romanian VAT should be charged, and reverse charge applies unless supplier and customer are established in Romania. In case of digital services, telecom services or broadcasting services supplied in a B2C context we refer to the section on the Mini One-Stop Shop below for more information.

Mini One-Stop Shop

The optional simplification measure called the “Mini One-Stop Shop” (MOSS) with respect to digital services, telecommunication services and broadcasting services supplied in a B2C context. The supply of these services is generally considered as taking place in the Member State of the customer, not the Member State of the supplier.The MOSS scheme allows all taxable persons supplying digital services, telecommunication services or broadcasting services to nontaxable persons in EU Member States in which they do not have an establishment, to account for the VAT due on those supplies via a web portal in the Member State in which they are identified. The MOSS allows qualifying taxable persons to avoid registering in each Member State of consumption. The MOSS simplification is available both for taxable persons established in the EU and outside the EU. The MOSS generally mirrored the scheme that was in place for non-EU established suppliers of electronically supplied digital services, telecommunication services or broadcasting services supplied to final consumers. Persons already registered under the pre-existing scheme for electronically supplied digital services, telecommunication services or broadcasting services, should retain their existing individual VAT identification numbers for the purposes of the MOSS.

VAT rates

Supplies within the scope of VAT are classified as taxable and exempt.

In Romania, the standard rate of VAT is 19%, reduced VAT rates of 9% and 5% apply to certain supplies

Late – registration penalties

Penalties of approximately EUR 250 to EUR 1,100 in case of large and medium sized taxpayers and of approximately EUR 125 to EUR 250 in case of other taxpayers apply to late registration for VAT purposes