Standard VAT rate
Supplies within the scope of VAT are classified as taxable and exempt.
Romanian VAT for digital service providers
In case of digital services, telecom services or broadcasting services supplied in a B2B context, the place of supply is the place where the recipient is established. No Romanian VAT should be charged, and reverse charge applies unless supplier and customer are established in Romania. In case of digital services, telecom services or broadcasting services supplied in a B2C context we refer to the section on the One-Stop Shop below for more information.
On 1 July 2021 EU has introduced a so-called “One-Stop-Shop” (OSS) system which has replaced a previously applied “MiniOneStopShop” (MOSS) system. OSS has extended the scope of MOSS from digital goods and services to all goods and services sold B2C in the EU. OSS is an electronic portal that simplifies VAT compliance for online sellers, i.e., online businesses that sell goods and/or services in the EU are now only required to register for VAT in one EU country for all their B2C sales in the EU. If such sellers’ B2C sales in EU are above the applicable threshold, which is 10.000,00 EUR throughout the EU, businesses are liable to charge, collect and remit VAT in the Member State where their B2C buyers are located, instead of the Member State or country of their incorporation, i.e. online sellers have to apply the VAT rate of the Member State where the goods are dispatched or where the services are supplied. AS each EU Member State has an online portal where businesses can register for OSS and submit their VAT returns in one Member State for their B2C sales throughout the EU, it is estimated that VAT compliance costs will be significantly reduced. Registration in the OSS system is available for both – taxable persons established in the EU and outside the EU.
Late – registration penalties
Penalties of approximately EUR 250 to EUR 1,100 in case of large and medium-sized taxpayers and of approximately EUR 125 to EUR 250 in case of other taxpayers apply to late registration for VAT purposes.